The Ancient Solar Premise

By Christopher Jordan

The Ancient Solar Premise is simple, the ancients were originally using the sun, not idolizing it. There are two key devices that support this view, parabolic sun dishes and structures that collected and stored solar energy in large stones. These technologies allowed the ancient world to thrive for centuries with the sustainable energy of the sun. The solar religions followed as the importance of the devices grew and the processes became ritualized. Eventually the solar power was replaced by fossil fuel and the historians were left with the religious view. The exposition along with archaeological and textual support can be found in the ‘The Ancient Solar Premise’

The ease with which sun dishes could be made to concentrate sunlight by thousands of orders is outlined in the paper ‘The Math Behind Burning Mirrors’. This tool had a myriad of uses and explains a variety of ancient relics. The dishes create such high temperatures that they challenge the conventional views on the origins of metallurgy, fine stonework, astronomy and ancient weaponry. Whilst these tools are found in many of the ancient sun cultures, the focus here is the group of solar buildings that stand out as a map of the sun cults.

Sun Temples have many names throughout the world, they are identified by the local solar deity and are variously dedicated to Ra, Siva, Brahma, Baal, Bel, Re, Marduk, etc. Often they are described generically as Wats, Sanctuaries, Shrines or Temples, but each retains the same facets and will be referred to by the functional name ”solar chambers”. The solar chamber is one of the most common legacies from a number of ancient civilizations. Their importance is considered to be ceremonial, however the following summary illustrates that each variant was functionally important to the constructors.

The Solar Chamber

Below is a generic Asiatic ‘shrine’, usually described as a sanctuary. Each of these solar chambers sat on a raised platform and contained a simple dark stone behind two large shiny flanking doors, which pointed towards the sun. This is a surprisingly common building over the continents and eras. The vast majority number in the tens of thousands and sit alone on small platforms or sunny hillsides. There were many thousands more that sat on the renowned stepped pyramids found in cultures all over the globe.

A Simple Solar Shrine

A Simple Solar Shrine

The diagram shows the classic Brahman design with a yoni and linga (D) sitting in the center of the sealed chamber with two reflective doors flanking the long doorway. Around the chamber are alternative dark stone absorbers found in other styles of solar chamber. Sometimes just a plinth or altar stone (B) is found within the chamber. In these cases, the chamber height is reduced along with the doors and doorway. Often there were just obelisks or pillars sitting atop of truncated pyramidal plinths (C). This design was sometimes reduced further to just the pyramidal stone (A) and an appropriate chamber.

The chambers were made from local materials and dealt with the regional weather. In cool climates, the chambers generally had much thicker walls. In the most primitive cases, the stones were held deep within structures piled high with earth. In rainy climates, the buildings had suitable protective roofing. In hot dry locales, where rain was not an issue, the altar stones could be left exposed to the elements without even a cursory housing. Brick, stone, wood or mud chambers can be identified throughout the ages along with combinations of them. Each acted as an insulator, able to retain the solar heat within the chamber overnight or longer.

The reflective doors have usually long since been destroyed, but the original substantial housings for the hinges can still be seen. The modern copies of these structures retain the metal casing for the doors and shiny metals are still used. Gold paint has typically replaced the original metal, but the design is still there in essence. The ancient metals used follow the development of metallurgy throughout the ages. In the Americas, there are reports from the conquistadors of brilliant gold doors on the sanctuaries shining in the morning sun. In Africa and Asia, brass/bronze seems to have been a common metal along with silver and gold leaf. Even tin appears to have been used, though maintenance did not make it a popular choice. The skins of the doors were covered in whichever metal was commonly found in the mirrors of the specific culture.

A Classic Wat plus Yoni & Linga

A Classic Wat plus Yoni & Linga

Solar Alignment

Without exception, these structures were dedicated to the respective solar deities and faced the point where the stone gained maximum solar exposure. In the tropics, this was achieved by pointing a single doorway to either the rising or setting sun. Often the six monthly monsoonal rains fell like clockwork in the afternoon, so there was little point having a door facing west. Sophisticated re-alignments took into account the monsoon patterns and adjusted the direction toward a point just off due east. This optimized the chambers for solar energy collection, since there was no point trying to absorb sunlight through clouds and rain.

More commonly, there were two doorways, one pointed east and one west. These provided more chances to collect sunlight in the morning and afternoon. This style was invariably aligned due east to west. Weather permitting, it allowed for more sunlight to be absorbed than the single door version.

Solar chambers further from the equator had southern and northern doorways added that gained solar energy from the low midday sun in the summer/winter. Again, the chambers were aligned east to west and had one door pointing to each direction of the compass. In the far north, the extreme cases had eight, sixteen or thirty-two doors. This is a controversial aspect of the basic solar premise, which rests much better under the Grand Ancient Solar Hypothesis.

Detailed calculations confirmed by experiment, show that a single solar chamber can collect and return up to a hundred kilowatts of energy a day. There is a useful range of temperatures delivered by the system, which depended on the needs of the users. This relatively low cost clean energy provided a survival advantage to the ancient sun cults beyond that of the fossil fuel cultures.

Sun Chamber Uses

To use the solar chambers the operators just opened the doors when the sun was in front of them. At all other times the doors were tightly closed. The direct and reflected light heated up the stone to temperatures able to cook food, boil water and dry crops. The initiation of a chamber stone could take days because they were large, but this added resilience with a useful heat repository. When the chamber doors were shut, the temperature rose to something close to that of the central stone. With this simple operation, the ancients were able to carry out the following tasks.

  • Fry Eggs, the eggs were cracked and left on the hot stone surface.
  • Sere Meats, the flesh was tossed on the surface of the hot altar stone.
  • Boil Water, the water was poured onto the obelisk, then warmed to boiling point as it ran down and flowed out of the spout on the base.
  • Cook Rice & Soups, the boiled water was collected in rice pots and then left inside the chamber slowly cooking the produce.
  • Dry Crops, the produce was left around and above the central stone until it dried.
  • Bake Breads, the dough was left on racks of trays in the hot chamber
Brahman shrine usage in the ancient world

Brahman Monk boiling water on a Yoni & Linga

In many of the oldest cases, it is difficult to know exactly which function an individual chamber was assigned. However, in recent examples, much of the practical paraphernalia has been found and texts allude to various utile items. The picture of a novice priest pouring water onto a yoni linga combination is the most common Asiatic use. Boiled water is important for health or cooking and requires large quantities of fuel to produce. Brahman shrines often had water in sacs suspended above the heated stone, which dropped onto the stone where it was funneled to collection pots.

The same chamber could be used to dry crops or cook bread when racks were placed above and around the stone. Most of the time the sanctuaries were allotted a single foodstuff since it is not so wise to mix meat and fish for example. There is a great deal of archaeological evidence in The Ancient Solar Premise that fully supports this idea. However, it is only the tip of the iceberg, since there are many more cultures to review under this scheme.

The design turns out to be one of the most efficient ways to collect and store solar energy given the constraints of antiquity. Indeed an abridged version of the ancient solar cooker is finding uses today in poor rural communities throughout Asia. The robustness, low cost, high-energy returns and storage that made this solar chamber popular in antiquity are proving just as useful today.

The Widespread Use of Solar Chambers

The variety of solar chambers across ancient civilizations falls under the wider model. However, a few brief examples should illustrate the prevalence of solar technology in the ancient world. (The letters indicate the style of stone absorber used from the diagram above.)

  • A Brahman shrine held the classic black yoni and linga stone design within the sanctuary (D). Later the Hindus changed the stone color to white in order to cool the chambers down so they could make merit within them.
  • A Vedic shrine/sanctuary sometimes contained the flat altar, pillar or both combined (D, B). Small altar versions were used in the home, whilst larger ones were built for communities. Ancient Vedic texts refer to the complex formulas they needed to calculate the right sized stones.
  • A classic temple of Ra/Re held a dark pillar on top of a truncated pyramid. Sometimes it just contained the pyramidal stone form (benben stone), but was still a temple of Ra (C, A). Like the Brahma, the Egyptian priests poured liquids onto the shorter hot pyramidal stones and collected it in alabaster pots.
  • A Temple sanctuary of Marduk in Babylon held the simple flat altar stone (B). These grand temples, like the Temples of Ra, often housed huge storage chambers for the processed foodstuffs.
  • In the Americas, the same flat altar stone combo describes a sanctuary or shrine of Itni (B). In Peru, stones are still found that are identical to the Brahman stones despite the Spanish efforts to destroy them all (D).
  • Going back in time, a similar but simpler construct is found in primitive Neolithic ‘shrines’. Here the sanctuary was lower but extended, usually piled with earth and the flat altar stone sat at the back (B). It is often unclear who the god was, but usually it was Baal, Bel or some other ancient sun god. The use in the colder climates was primarily, but not exclusively, to aid in domestic heating.
  • Ancient Asian Pagodas were made of wood on several tiers and housed a dark obelisk or altar at the ground level (B, D). The venting above, clearly made these structures useful in drying crops. This adjustment to the normal sealed chambers was found in many farming communities where solar drying was used.

There are many more examples…


The outline above is a gross oversimplification of the Ancient Solar Hypothesis. The details of the materials, geometry, energies and textual support for the uses can be found in The Ancient Solar Premise. There is much more compelling evidence in the finer aspects of the solar premise. Some may debate individual details, but when people see and feel these buildings working as intended, arguments evaporate as fast as water on an overheated plinth.

When these simple temples clearly have their origins in a functional role, questions are raised about the nature of cultural development. The emphasis switches from people building ”shrines” for worship, to citizens turning to the sun for its utility. The rise of religions and the reassignment of the structures to ceremonial roles is a lengthy field of research. The impact this had on the routines and running of a culture are curious. Many of these strands are explored in the book, though it is impossible to contemplate them all.

The result is a reframing of much that is believed about the ancient world, in both technological and cultural terms. The religious and symbolic fancies that followed the useful functions of the sun devices can be put into perspective. Maybe historians can dwell on the utility and foresight of the ancients rather than assigning them a mind set more akin to 17th century academics. Ultimately, the aim is to inspire people to take a leaf out of the ancient’s manual for living and turn fully to the tenets of sustainable energy. This really would be a great gift from antiquity.

The Grand Ancient Solar Hypothesis

Further to the basic concept above, there is the extension to the Grand Ancient Solar Hypothesis. This scheme shows how hundreds if not thousands of these structures were arranged in discrete areas to create the great solar industries of antiquity. There is no other way to describe the ancient pyramidal processing centers that dealt with thousands of tons of crops and foodstuffs every year. The way the ancients laid out the chambers leaves one in no doubt as to their goals. This is a precedent that the modern industrial machine would do well to follow.

The temporal and geographic extents to which these principles were used adds further grand dimensions. The simplest styles underpinned the Neolithic cultures within the barrows containing altar stones. Whereas the grand stone circles, possess such an exquisite form of the geometry that one has to feel it working in cooler climes to believe it. This pushes the premise so far back in time that it underpins the emergence of civilized man. The use of solar energy on a grand scale runs through the civilizations of Babylon and Egypt, dips with the Greeks and Romans and then emerges in its full glory within the Angkorian and Aztec cultures. This is such an incredible run that it makes us moderns look like smoke addicted fools.

The existence of the small and large structures on all but one continent leave no doubt as to the nature of the successful cultures, they were solar powered. The basic rules above were applied on such a scale that it is no surprise that the concept has been overlooked by scholars. Some of the grandest structural legacies of antiquity were not the result of egotism or religious zeal, they were industrial expressions of the solar premise. Many of these iconic constructs are touched on in The Ancient Solar Premise, but it is certain more will fall under solar umbrella as the theory is tested with reconstructed sites, tools and techniques.


Non-fiction Books & Research by Christopher Jordan

The Ark of the Covenant Operations Manual

The Great Pyramid Rainmaker

The Ancient Solar Premise

Secrets of the Sun Sects

The Sun Devices

The Math Behind Burning Mirrors


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  1. #1 by Best Xrumer Service on June 12, 2011 - 12:39 pm

    wow – now that’s what i call a good article. keep up the work

  2. #2 by pdburley on March 25, 2012 - 4:33 pm

    Excellent information! We should all be paying attention to this!

  3. #4 by a Sphinx on May 11, 2012 - 1:47 am

    This is amazing information, I had been struggling to find anything on ancient solar power, but I have an idea your theories are going to need to be expanded once you read this…

    thanks again, Ma’at

    • #5 by secretsofthesunsects on May 11, 2012 - 7:32 am


      Interesting link and a fine example or two of really ancient settlements. It fits under the Ancient Solar Premise rather than adjusts it.

      The Ancient solar Premise is simply a framework for understanding how the old world used the sun in its daily lives to heat everything from dwellings though foodstuffs and onto materials. It is time independent one just has to see the buildings and artifacts to apply the method,
      Like Michael I find the current archaeological timeframe to be seriously out of kilter with the likely reality.. I think his dates are closer to the real than the mainstream’s. I do not really deal with incongruities in the dating and the ultimate sources of peoples and ideas. The former is so difficult when the geologic history is so hard to pin down. The rich variety of earthly events are almost impossible to fathom. The latter of people & ideas is just as difficult, most come to conclusions based on partisanship. I much prefer to think of the ancient world as an interwoven tapestry of ideas/people cross pollinating in the same way as the modern world does.

      I seriously doubt the need to build calendars of the type described or phi calculators, there are always more pressing needs, Even observatories are an unlikely call. Under the ASP the stone circles are simply the remnants of round buildings laid out to take advantage of the sun, The settlements near the ‘calendar’ show the fuller form. Clearly there is some need for dwellings and heat if ancient mining was the key reason for settlement. solar dwellings leave no charcoal for the excavators to fix their carbon dating to.

      Here is the link to the solar circles if you want more info.on the solar nature of the neoliths and their circles.



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  7. #10 by ecoacre on July 2, 2014 - 5:07 am

    I found your hypothesis very interesting. I have been an advocate for solar energy for decades and know how the Greeks, the Hopis and other people have used solar orientation to keep structures warmer. People would have early on realized the way the sun would heat areas and how shade would keep them cool. The inventiveness of humans though the millenia has created many amazing achievements so that something as basic as observing the suns ability to heat objects and the inventiveness to use ways to control and concentrate the energy are unlikely. One of my firsdt observations of simple solar heating beside burning my self on dark metal left in the sun was 40 years ago when an exposed water pipe leading to a kitchen faucet provided instant hot water. Since then I have worked on dozens of solar heating and electric projects and studies the many ways of using concentrated solar to generate very high temperatures. I have worked with utilities, governments and private businesses to implement hundreds of solar energy projects and have built a demonstration project of an offgrid solar powered sustainable home made with rammed earth. The home called Solaterre is part of an overall project EcoAcre designed to show what a desert acre can provide in the way of building material, solar electric, solar waterheating, space heating, cooking, cooling, water pumping and distillation. What was very interesting was your reference to a virtually religious advocacy for using solar energy as a solution for many of the worlds problems. I have often wondered why I have always had this fascination with light and the sun From when I had my was playing with a mirror in the first grade and got in trouble for seeing how I could light up distant rooms with the reflection of the sun and why even when their were no jobs in solar I kept studying and seeking solar solutions until I was able to use my knowledge for a job. My persistent interest in solar was also related to sustainability, survival, health and the freedom of people over domination and slavery. This goes back to my background and heritage as a descendant of the Priestly family of Cohen or Katz. The group you feel were early users and advocates of solar power and who you hope will be part of the new movement to overturn the dark forces of fossil fuel and nuclear that has seriously harmed the health of the people, made people slaves to the powers controlling these fuels and threatens the welfare of all life. I have also noticed that much of my attitude seemes to be that of my namesake Jeremiah (I’m Gerald Marvin a Anglicization of the hebrew). Because in my work to promote solar and environmental causes had to go up against some very powerful people in government and the electric utility industry. You can find out more about my project at I usually have a picture of my spolar powered home on the title page but this week I’m promoting a combined celebration of our 4th of July and working toward independence in ouor current lives. I read you are working on getting solar energy to poor people of the world. I would be very interested in knowing what your doing. I just signed on to an initiative to promote solar to electrify much of Africa. Are you involved with that? My email is

    • #11 by secretsofthesunsects on July 2, 2014 - 5:59 am


      I could not agree more!

      I like your work and experience it is directly in line with my own. I’ve been surprised at what solar can deliver time and again. I only had a passing interest in the subject until I worked out how extensive the use was in the past, then I became very involved.
      Whilst not all the old techniques are viable today, many are. The delivery of cheap free energy to the rural poor of the third world can have an uplifting effect all round.

      I think you may want to see the Ark project to grasp why the technology is not at the fore in the west. Here in the east there are similar issues with the Brahman stepped pyramids. This only hinders the rewriting of the past it does not prevent us from using it today. It would be nice to get some help from the faith based institutions tho, for sure.



  1. The Ancient Solar Hypothesis |
  2. Stone Circles Reconstructed « Secrets of the Sun Sects
  3. Ancient Solar Stonecutting Techniques « Secrets of the Sun Sects

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